Jul 25, 2024  
2016-2017 General/Graduate Catalog - Expires August 2022 
2016-2017 General/Graduate Catalog - Expires August 2022 [Archived Catalog]

Education (MAE)

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Affiliation: School of Health Sciences & Education

The Department of Education at Truman State University offers the Master of Arts in Education, a professional teaching degree. All prospective teachers enrolling in the professional program must complete a strong liberal arts and sciences baccalaureate degree.

The basic components of the professional teacher preparation program are 1) graduate pedagogical coursework, 2) advanced content in the teaching specialty, 3) the internship experience, and 4) research. Teaching specialties include English, elementary education, exercise science, foreign language (French and Spanish), mathematics, music, science (biology, chemistry, physics), STEM - mathematics/physics, history/social science, and special education. Students who wish to become teachers should consult their academic advisor and the Department of Education (660-785-4386) as early as possible for information. Many of the courses required for Missouri certification can be met by careful planning of the Liberal Studies Program or through electives.


The mission of the Master of Arts in Education Program at Truman State University is to prepare reflective practitioners grounded in the Liberal Arts. Our practitioners are skilled in bridging theory and practice. They are informed by a well-developed understanding of content, pedagogy, learners, and learning environments. We believe the human condition can be bettered by teaching and learning rooted in caring, innovation, reflection, and research-based practice.

The process of developing the professional program is marked by strong cooperation with the K-12 community and based on established education research and essential knowledge of sound professional practice. The program exemplifies an integrated approach to liberal education, professional studies, and specialty studies. The “theme of reflection…binds all of the curricula together. Each program weaves instruction, practice and evaluation of reflection in coursework, field experience and assessments.” (NCATE, 2003)


Graduate Record Exam percentile rankings corresponding to mean scaled scores for incoming Master of Arts in Education students, academic year 2014-2015:

Analytical Writing: 52.33%
Quantitative: 36.92%
Verbal: 48.64%

Average GPA of incoming Master of Arts in Education students, academic year 2014-2015: 3.51.


The Master of Arts in Education program prepares students to become teachers who are proficient in a teaching or specialty field and in the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of liberal learning, and who demonstrate skills for effective professional practice. The program objectives are to:

  1. prepare teachers who are distinguished by their comprehensive liberal learning, developed through the challenging liberal studies component and integration of the undergraduate degree program;
  2. prepare teachers who have mastery of the subject specialization, developed through the baccalaureate degree and through graduate courses and experiences in their chosen teaching field;
  3. prepare teachers who demonstrate professional skills of high quality, developed through solid professional education curriculum offerings and meaningful clinical and internship experiences;
  4. prepare teachers who are stimulated to exchange and implement the results of research and new knowledge in the profession;
  5. prepare teachers who function with competence and confidence in confronting issues of the profession in a pluralistic society characterized by continuous change;
  6. prepare teachers who have leadership competence in making informed professional judgments;
  7. prepare candidates who are able to enter doctoral or other professional education programs; and
  8. prepare reflective teachers who are capable of continually and critically analyzing their own professional performance which allows them to grow in a professional manner; who are characterized by habits of life-long learning; and who engage in scholarly interaction and further learning experiences.


Students are admitted into the MAE on the basis of scholastically competitive criteria. Requirements for admission to graduate study are listed in the Graduate Studies section of this catalog. Note that there are core requirements AND specialty area requirements. Admission to the MAE program is a three-step process:

  1. recommendation of the faculty and Department Chair in the specialty area,
  2. recommendation of the Department Chair in Education, and
  3. admission to the Truman State University Graduate School.

Core requirements for admission are:

  1. a strong liberal arts and sciences baccalaureate degree with at least a 2.75 cumulative GPA (3.0 GPA preferred);
  2. for secondary candidates, a minimum 2.5 certification GPA in the target certification area and a major (or the equivalent) in the certification area;
  3. GRE scores submitted;
  4. three letters of recommendation submitted;
  5. application forms submitted;
  6. personal statement submitted.

Specialty area requirements can be found on the education website: http://education.truman.edu/.


The graduates of the program are expected to demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and personal qualities associated with outstanding performance in the profession of teaching. They exhibit the following characteristics:

  1. Competency in the teaching, learning, and evaluation techniques/skills/technology demanded for effective professional practice and performance as a master teacher as assessed by:
  1. the state-mandated national standardized exit examination for teacher education;
  2. the academic record;
  3. the student’s digital portfolio;
  4. demonstrated competency in the classroom and school setting;
  5. positive recommendations from appropriate professionals.
  1. Proficiency in communication skills as demonstrated by:
  1. the student’s undergraduate and graduate academic and assessment record;
  2. the student’s academic and professional work, e.g. research, papers, videotaped sessions, interpersonal skills assessment, and performance in classroom setting.
  1. Appropriate depth of knowledge in a specific discipline and mastery of teaching as demonstrated by:
  1. the academic record and the graduate grade-point average of 3.00 or above;
  2. exemplary performance in the teaching internship;
  3. testimony by appropriate participating professionals regarding the integrity of the specialty knowledge and skills;
  4. demonstrated growth in the learning and academic achievement of the students taught by the candidate for the professional degree.
  1. The skills, breadth of knowledge, and attitudes characteristic of a liberally-educated person as assessed through the university-wide assessment model and the portfolio assessment programs.
  1. The ability to conduct professional research and to utilize, with appropriate applications, such research and professional publications as demonstrated through:
  1. the MAE candidate portfolio, the research component, and the comprehensive examination of the MAE Evaluation Plan;
  2. independent work and inquiry;
  3. faculty and student interaction.
  1. The ability to critically analyze student results and make decisions which positively impact future student performance, as demonstrated in the internship and research component.
  1. Personal qualities of integrity, courtesy, compassion, and respect for all cultures as assessed through:
  1. the MAE candidate portfolio and other elements of the MAE Evaluation Plan;
  2. biographical information;
  3. recommendations of participating professionals;
  4. videotaped sessions;
  5. other personal skills assessments.


Graduation requirements for candidates of the Master of Arts in Education degree are as follows:

  1.  3.0 graduate grade point average;
  2. successful completion of the internship;
  3. successful completiong and approval of (1) case study, (2) thesis, (3) publishable paper, OR (4) action research;


Title II of the Higher Education Act requires that every institution of higher education provide certification or licensure assessment of the state in which the institution is located. Additionally, Title II requires that a comparison of each program’s pass rate be made with the average pass rate in the state.

Graduates of the teacher education program at Truman State University have achieved a 100% pass rate on the Praxis II, a nationally normed examination required by the State of Missouri for certification purposes. The average pass rate in Missouri is 96%.


The MAE program provides Missouri certification in the following subject areas at the grade levels indicated.

Basic level: (Initial Certification)

Elementary 1-6
Biology 9-12
Chemistry 9-12
English 9-12
Exercise Science (Phys Ed) PK-12
Foreign Lang.-French PK-12
Foreign Lang.-Spanish PK-12
Health PK-12 (additional certification area only)
Mathematics 9-12
Music-Instrumental PK-12
Music-Vocal PK-12
Physics 9-12
Social Sciences 9-12
Unified Science-Biology 9-12
Unified Science-Chemistry 9-12
Unified Science-Physics 9-12
Visual Arts PK-12
Special Education
Mild/Moderate Cross-Categorical K-12

MAE graduates are issued teaching certificates by the Missouri State Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. Certification requirements differ by program and state and are published by the certifying agencies of the various states. Students are advised to obtain certification requirements for their teaching specialty from other states. The state of Missouri requires a grade point of 2.5 or better in any area of certification and no lower than a “C” in any professional education course. The University, and especially the Department of Education, helps students plan their programs to meet certification requirements.

Note: Beginning with those students graduating May, 2017 and receiving teacher certification, the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education requires a 3.0 GPA in professional education courses, a 3.0 GPA in the teaching content field, and a 2.75 overal GPA.


The field experience component of the MAE program is designed to provide prospective teachers with an incremental set of field experiences which enables students to know themselves in relation to the school setting. This set of sequential experiences allows the students to see themselves as potential teachers and to observe and participate in the teaching/learning process within the public school setting. Initial experiences are exploratory and descriptive in nature and become increasingly more grade and content specific as the student increases his or her knowledge of theory, pedagogy, and experience.


It is important for students entering ED 393 Clinical Experiences in Teaching and ED 394 Experiences in Classroom Teaching to have had a common core of baseline field experiences upon which to reflect and through which to begin to view the teaching/learning process in relationship to the complex nature, structure, variety, culture and organizational climate of the public school. In addition, this baseline set of field experiences forms the foundation upon which additional sequential field experiences in the specialty areas (elementary education, special education, and secondary disciplines) can be implemented.

Prior to taking ED 393/ED 394, students must complete ED 388-Exploratory Field Experiences Seminar.


Elementary Education

Early Childhood Education

To become certified as an early childhood teacher, students need to earn a satisfactory score on the appropriate state-mandated national standardized examination. ED 520G - Principles of Early Childhood Education  and ED 521G - Teaching Experience: Early Childhood Field Experience  are highly recommended. Contact the Department of Education for specific information.

When offered: fall only

Gifted Certification

Truman has added gifted certification courses in St. Louis for teachers who are interested in earning gifted certification. Teachers pursuing certification must have MO certification and two years of teaching experience.

History/Social Science

Students seeking certification in 9-12 Social Science are required to take the following courses:

Middle School Education

Truman recommends MAE students take the following courses if they are interested in teaching at the middle school level:


To become certified as a middle school teacher, students need to earn a satisfactory score on the appropriate state-mandated national standardized examination. Contact the Department of Education for specific information.

Special Education

Choose one of the following

Professional Education Core

Undergraduate Prerequisite Courses: 14 Credits


Beginning August, 2017 all Secondary and K-12 certification areas will be required to take an additional 3-hour literacy course.

Minimum total of graduate credit required

  • Elementary Education: 40
  • Secondary Education: 34-35
  • Special Education: 37

All MAE students are required to be continuously enrolled in graduate-level or certification courses (as stated on the student’s Individual Plan of Study) at Truman after they complete their internships until and including the semester in which their research and portfolio receive final approval. Final approval occurs during the semester when the completed and signed Report of the Examining Committee form has been received in the Graduate Office before the published deadlines for that semester. This enrollment includes spring, fall, and the June summer session. Students may meet this requirement by repeatedly enrolling in ED 681G for 1 credit, enrolling in another approved course, or receiving a waiver from the Department Chair of Education as approved by the Dean of Graduate Studies.


MAE students’ grades in courses are one indicator of success in meeting program requirements; another is professional deportment. MAE students who do not demonstrate professionalism necessary for success in the internship, as determined by supervising faculty and mentor teachers, may need to complete additional supervised experiences prior to the internship.

The internship is one of the capstone experiences of the professional teacher preparation program. Students are required to intern for a minimum of one public school semester in an approved school. With prior approval of the Department of Education, students may choose to seek a yearlong experience. The teaching intern has an earned academic degree, has experienced an orientation to teaching, and, is provisionally certified. The Department of Education, University supervisors, and public school personnel coordinate internship placements. The specialty area supervisor (University representative) must approve the final placement. To ensure that program requirements are met, professional assistance is provided during the internship by the administrator, mentor teacher, and University representative.

NOTE: Schools require some or all of the following screenings prior to placement in clinical experiences and/or internships: state and/or federal criminal conviction records, fingerprint record check, TB test results, Family Care Safety Registry records and information from references, schools and employers. Failure to clear any of these screenings may result in not obtaining a recommendation for a teaching certificate, consequently preventing the completion of the internship and graduation from the MAE. For further information, contact the Director of Field Experiences.

Advanced Content in the Teaching Specialty

A minimum of twelve credits of graduate coursework in the specialty area is required. The specialty area requirements are:

English: (minimum - 40 hrs. required)

Elementary Education: (minimum - 40 hrs. required)

Foreign Language

French: (minimum - 36 hrs. required)

Spanish: (minimum - 36 hrs. required)

History-Social Science: (minimum - 36 hrs. required)

Mathematics: (minimum - 36 hrs. required)


ED 609G - Teaching Internship  requires significant teaching experience in both secondary mathematics and secondary physics. Students must pass the Praxis exam in both mathematics and physics to complete this program.

Music: (minimum - 35 hrs. required)

Science: (minimum - 36 hrs. required)

Select at least nine credits from the courses listed below

(PLEASE NOTE: BIOL 503 or BIOL 503G is required for Biology certification. If not completed within the BA/BS degree in Biology, it must be taken as an MAE course.)

Special Education: (minimum - 37 hrs. required)

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