Feb 22, 2024  
2010-2011 General/Graduate Catalog - Expires August 2016 
2010-2011 General/Graduate Catalog - Expires August 2016 [Archived Catalog]

Education (MAE)

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Affiliation: School of Health Sciences & Education
Degree Offered: Master of Arts in Education

The Department of Education at Truman State University offers the Master of Arts in Education, a professional teaching degree. All prospective teachers enrolling in the professional program must complete a strong liberal arts and sciences baccalaureate degree.

The basic components of the professional teacher preparation program are 1) graduate pedagogical coursework, 2) advanced content in the teaching specialty, 3) the internship experience, and 4) research. Teaching specialties include English, elementary education, exercise science, foreign language (French and Spanish), mathematics, music, science (biology, chemistry, physics), history/social science, special education, and visual arts. Students who wish to become teachers should consult their academic advisor and the Department of Education (660-785-4386) as early as possible for information. Many of the courses required for Missouri certification can be met by careful planning of the Liberal Studies Program or through electives.


The mission of the MAE is to achieve excellence through a nationally competitive professional program which ensures that the graduate will be a true professional who possesses a broad realm of knowledge as well as mastery in a subject specialization, is skilled in the art and science of learning and instructing, and exemplifies outstanding professional practice and professional ethics.

The process of developing the professional program is marked by strong cooperation with the K-12 community and based on established education research and essential knowledge of sound professional practice. The program exemplifies an integrated approach to liberal education, professional studies, and specialty studies. The “theme of reflection…binds all of the curricula together. Each program weaves instruction, practice and evaluation of reflection in coursework, field experience and assessments.” (NCATE, 2003)


Graduate Record Exam percentile rankings corresponding to mean scaled scores for incoming Master of Arts in Education students, fiscal year 2010:

Analytical Writing: 47.64%
Quantitative: 51.64%
Verbal: 57.36%

Average GPA of incoming Master of Arts in Education students, fiscal year 2010: 3.53.


The Master of Arts in Education program prepares students to become teachers who are proficient in a teaching or specialty field and in the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of liberal learning, and who demonstrate skills for effective professional practice. The program objectives are to:

  1. prepare teachers who are distinguished by their comprehensive liberal learning, developed through the challenging liberal studies component and integration of the undergraduate degree program;
  2. prepare teachers who have mastery of the subject specialization, developed through the baccalaureate degree and through graduate courses and experiences in their chosen teaching field;
  3. prepare teachers who demonstrate professional skills of high quality, developed through solid professional education curriculum offerings and meaningful clinical and internship experiences;
  4. prepare teachers who are stimulated to exchange and implement the results of research and new knowledge in the profession;
  5. prepare teachers who function with competence and confidence in confronting issues of the profession in a pluralistic society characterized by continuous change;
  6. prepare teachers who have leadership competence in making informed professional judgments;
  7. prepare candidates who are able to enter doctoral or other professional education programs; and
  8. prepare reflective teachers who are capable of continually and critically analyzing their own professional performance which allows them to grow in a professional manner; who are characterized by habits of life-long learning; and who engage in scholarly interaction and further learning experiences.


Students are admitted into the MAE on the basis of scholastically competitive criteria. Requirements for admission to graduate study are listed in the Graduate Studies section of this catalog. Note that there are core requirements AND specialty area requirements. Admission to the MAE program is a three-step process:

  1. recommendation of the faculty and Department Chair in the specialty area,
  2. recommendation of the Department Chair in Education, and
  3. admission to the Truman State University Graduate School.

Core requirements for admission are:

  1. a strong liberal arts and sciences baccalaureate degree with at least a 2.75 cumulative GPA (3.0 GPA preferred);
  2. for secondary candidates, a minimum 2.5 certification GPA in the target certification area and a major (or the equivalent) in the certification area;
  3. GRE scores submitted;
  4. three letters of recommendation submitted;
  5. application forms submitted;
  6. personal statement submitted.

Specialty area requirements can be found on the eduction website: http://education.truman.edu/.


The graduates of the program are expected to demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and personal qualities associated with outstanding performance in the profession of teaching. They will exhibit the following characteristics:

  1. Competency in the teaching, learning, and evaluation techniques/skills/technology demanded for effective professional practice and performance as a master teacher as assessed by:
  1. the state-mandated national standardized exit examination for teacher education;
  2. the academic record;
  3. the student’s digital portfolio;
  4. demonstrated competency in the classroom and school setting;
  5. positive recommendations from appropriate professionals.
  1. Proficiency in communication skills as demonstrated by:
  1. the student’s undergraduate and graduate academic and assessment record;
  2. the student’s academic and professional work, e.g. research, papers, videotaped sessions, interpersonal skills assessment, and performance in classroom setting.
  1. Appropriate depth of knowledge in a specific discipline and mastery of teaching as demonstrated by:
  1. the academic record and the graduate grade-point average of 3.00 or above;
  2. exemplary performance in the teaching internship;
  3. testimony by appropriate participating professionals regarding the integrity of the specialty knowledge and skills;
  4. demonstrated growth in the learning and academic achievement of the students taught by the candidate for the professional degree.
  1. The skills, breadth of knowledge, and attitudes characteristic of a liberally-educated person as assessed through the university-wide assessment model and the portfolio assessment programs.
  1. The ability to conduct professional research and to utilize, with appropriate applications, such research and professional publications as demonstrated through:
  1. the MAE candidate portfolio, the research component, and the comprehensive examination of the MAE Evaluation Plan;
  2. independent work and inquiry;
  3. faculty and student interaction.
  1. The ability to critically analyze student results and make decisions which positively impact future student performance, as demonstrated in the internship and research component.
  1. Personal qualities of integrity, courtesy, compassion, and respect for all cultures as assessed through:
  1. the MAE candidate portfolio and other elements of the MAE Evaluation Plan;
  2. biographical information;
  3. recommendations of participating professionals;
  4. videotaped sessions;
  5. other personal skills assessments.


Graduation requirements for candidates of the Master of Arts in Education degree are as follows:

  1. a 3.0 graduate grade point average;
  2. successful completion of the internship;
  3. satisfactory performance on the nationally normed exit examination (Praxis II Subject Assessment Specialty Area Test) as required by the Department of Education;
  4. successful completion of a major reflective case study, a publishable research project, a thesis, or another approved research project;
  5. successful completion and approval of portfolio;
  6. successful completion of all requirements necessary to receive a Missouri teaching certificate in a university-approved certification area.


Title II of the Higher Education Act requires that every institution of higher education provide certification or licensure assessment of the state in which the institution is located. Additionally, Title II requires that a comparison of each program’s pass rate be made with the average pass rate in the state.

Graduates of the teacher education program at Truman State University have achieved a 100% pass rate on the Praxis II, a nationally normed examination required by the State of Missouri for certification purposes. The average pass rate in Missouri is 96%.


The MAE program provides Missouri certification in the following subject areas at the grade levels indicated.

Basic level: (Initial Certification)

Elementary 1-6
Biology 9-12
Chemistry 9-12
English 9-12
Exercise Science (Phys Ed) PK-12, K-9
Foreign Lang.-French PK-12, K-9
Foreign Lang.-Spanish PK-12, K-9
General Science 9-12 (additional certification area only)
Health PK-12, K-9 (additional certification area only)
Mathematics 9-12
Music-Instrumental PK-12
Music-Vocal PK-12
Physics 9-12
Social Sciences 9-12
Unified Science-Biology 9-12
Unified Science-Chemistry 9-12
Unified Science-Physics 9-12
Visual Arts PK-12, K-9
Special Education
Mild/Moderate Cross-Categorical K-12

MAE graduates are issued teaching certificates by the Missouri State Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. Certification requirements differ by program and state and are published by the certifying agencies of the various states. Students are advised to obtain certification requirements for their teaching specialty from other states. The state of Missouri requires a grade point of 2.5 or better in any area of certification and no lower than a “C” in any professional education course. The University, and especially the Department of Education, will help students plan their programs to meet certification requirements.


The field experience component of the MAE program is designed to provide prospective teachers with an incremental set of field experiences which enables students to know themselves in relation to the school setting. This set of sequential experiences allows the students to see themselves as potential teachers and to observe and participate in the teaching/learning process within the public school setting. Initial experiences are exploratory and descriptive in nature and become increasingly more grade and content specific as the student increases his/her knowledge of theory, pedagogy, and experience.


It is important for students entering ED 393 Clinical Experiences in Teaching to have had a common core of baseline field experiences upon which to reflect and through which to begin to view the teaching/learning process in relationship to the complex nature, structure, variety, culture and organizational climate of the public school. In addition, this baseline set of field experiences forms the foundation upon which additional sequential field experiences in the specialty areas (elementary education, special education, and secondary disciplines) can be implemented.

Prior to taking ED 393, students must observe a minimum of 55 clock hours in a public school setting. Minimum observations are to be divided as follows:

10 clock hours—Elementary (1-6) observations
10 clock hours—Junior High/Middle School (6-8) observations
10 clock hours—High School (9-12) observations
15 clock hours—Additional observations (any grade level, pre-K to 12)
10 clock hours—Special Education observations

Within the 45 hours not designated for a special education setting: 5 clock hours must provide observations of a setting or program which includes at-risk students. Within the total 55 Exploratory Field Experience hours: 5 clock hours must be in a setting determined to be culturally diverse.


Elementary Education

  • One art or music survey course
  • Health course
  • Economics course
  • Geography course
  • Biological science course with lab (recommended)
  • Physical science course with lab (recommended)
  • U.S. history course (recommended)

Early Childhood Education

To become certified as an early childhood teacher, students need to earn a satisfactory score on the appropriate state-mandated national standardized examination. Contact the Department of Education for specific information.

Gifted Certification

Truman has added gifted certification courses in St. Louis for teachers who are interested in earning gifted certification. Teachers pursuing certification must have MO certification and two years of teaching experience.

Middle School Education

Truman recommends MAE students take the following courses if they are interested in teaching at the middle school level:


To become certified as a middle school teacher, students need to earn a satisfactory score on the appropriate state-mandated national standardized examination. Contact the Department of Education for specific information.

Special Education

  • Health course
  • One art or music survey course
  • Biological science course with lab (recommended)
  • Physical science course with lab (recommended)
  • U.S. history course (recommended)

Choose one of the following

Professional Education Core

Undergraduate Prerequisite Courses: 11 Credit Hours

The professional core curriculum for the Master of Arts in Education includes the following courses


*Required prior to internship.
**Required prior to internship for those seeking secondary/K-12 certification.
***The course, Management of Instruction, is offered under a 608G number in each teaching specialty, and is required prior to internship. Admission to the MAE is required.
Note one: Concentration requirements are as follows:
        (Elementary Ed 6 hours)
        (Special Ed 6 hours)
        (Secondary/K-12 Ed 3 hours)
#Special Education majors will substitute SED 691G Applied Educational Psychology for Special Education.
##Special Education majors will substitute SED 693G Internship in Special Education.
$Students enroll in either 607G and 681G or in 632G. 632G is an optional replacement for 607G and 681G.

Minimum total hours of graduate credit required

  • Elementary Education: 38
  • Secondary Education: 34-35
  • Special Education: 37

All MAE students are required to be continuously enrolled in graduate-level or certification courses (as stated on the student’s Individual Plan of Study) at Truman after they complete their internships until and including the semester in which their research and portfolio receive final approval. Final approval occurs during the semester when the completed and signed Report of the Examining Committee form and the Digital Portfolio Approval form have been received in the Graduate Office before the published deadlines for that semester. This enrollment includes spring, fall, and the June summer session. Students may meet this requirement by repeatedly enrolling in ED 681G for 1 hour of credit, enrolling in another approved course, or receiving a waiver from the Department Chair of Education as approved by the Dean of Graduate Studies.


MAE students’ grades in courses are one indicator of success in meeting program requirements; another is professional deportment. MAE students who do not demonstrate professionalism necessary for success in the internship, as determined by supervising faculty and mentor teachers, may need to complete additional supervised experiences prior to the internship.

The internship is one of the capstone experiences of the professional teacher preparation program. Students are required to intern for a minimum of one public school semester in an approved school. With prior approval of the Department of Education, students may choose to seek a yearlong experience. The teaching intern has an earned academic degree, has experienced an orientation to teaching, and, in most cases, is provisionally certified. The Department of Education, University supervisors, and public school personnel coordinate internship placements. The specialty area supervisor (University representative) must approve the final placement. To ensure that program requirements are met, professional assistance is provided during the internship by the administrator, mentor teacher, and University representative.

NOTE: Schools require some or all of the following screenings prior to placement in clinical experiences and/or internships: state and/or federal criminal conviction records, fingerprint record check, TB test results, Division of Family Service records and information from references, schools and employers. Failure to clear any of these screenings may result in not obtaining a recommendation for a teaching certificate, consequently preventing the completion of the internship and graduation from the MAE. For further information, contact the Director of Field Experiences.

Advanced Content in the Teaching Specialty

A minimum of twelve hours of graduate coursework in the specialty area is required. The specialty area requirements are:

English: 12 Credit hours

  • Graduate literature elective: 4
  • Additional graduate ENG course: 4

Elementary Education: 12 Credit Hours

  • Select one elective course approved by your MAE advisor: 3

Exercise Science: 12 Credit Hours


Note: ED 681G is not required for the Exercise Science MAE program.

Foreign Language

French: 12 Credit Hours

To increase the candidate’s understanding and mastery of the French language and Francophone culture, 12 hours of graduate French coursework are required, to be taken on campus and in an approved study abroad program. The candidate will take two of the following courses offered on campus, generally during the summer session:

For the remaining six credit hours

The candidate should select a study abroad program offering advanced-level study in language, literature, culture, methodology or applied French linguistics. Summer institutes for practicing teachers ideally meet the study abroad requirement. NOTE: Programs and courses must be approved by the French faculty prior to enrollment.

Spanish: 12 Credit Hours

To increase the candidate’s understanding and mastery of the Spanish language and its culture, 12 hours of graduate MAE coursework or the equivalent are required and will be determined by the Spanish faculty.

NOTE: A maximum of 6 graduate hours of the 12 graduate hours in Spanish required for the MAE degree may be transferred from outside institutions toward the MAE in Spanish. No credit from other foreign languages will be accepted toward the 12 hour requirement in Spanish.

History-Social Science: 12 Credit Hours

  • Select nine hours of 600-level study in history, with no more than six hours in one area (United States, European, Latin American, Asian, etc.): Credits: 9 hours

Mathematics: 12 Credit Hours

Math: Select 9 hours from at least two of the following areas as indicated

Analysis: 0-6 Credit Hours

Algebra: 0-6 Credit Hours

Geometry-Topology: 0-6 Credit Hours

Probability and Statistics: 0-6 Credit Hours

Special Topics: 0-3 Credit Hours

Music: 12-13 Credit Hours

NOTE: ED 681G is not required for the Music MAE program.

  • Select two hours from courses in Applied Music: 2

Science: 12 Credit Hours

Select at least nine hours from the courses listed below

(PLEASE NOTE: BIOL 503/503G is required for Biology certification. If not completed within the BA/BS degree in Biology, it must be taken as an MAE course.)

Special Education: 16 Credit Hours

All of the following courses are required and must be completed prior to internship:

Note: Special Education majors will not take ED 603G or ED 605G as listed in the MAE core curriculum.

Visual Arts: 12 Credit Hours

Select three to five hours from graduate courses in Studio Art to total 12: 3-5

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